The CLIO infrared laser facility is a linac based free-electron laser delivering tunable and powerful infrared radiation in short pulses. Its tuning range spans now from 3 to 150 µm. A new undulator is under development for further extension toward the THz spectral range.
Operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) the free-electron-laser facility FELBE provides picosecond infrared pulses. Two free-electron lasers cover the mid- and far-infrared spectral range from 4 – 250 µm.
FELIXED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
The FELIX (‘Free Electron Lasers for Infrared eXperiments’) Facility in Nijmegen is an international user facility providing the scientific community with tunable radiation of high brightness in the mid- and far-infrared as well as the THz regime.
FERMI@Elettra, operated by the Elettra Laboratory of Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., is a state of the art 4th generation light source, based on a high gain harmonic generation free electron laser. FERMI was developed to provide ultrashort (10-100 fs) pulses with ultrahigh peak brightness and energies from 20 to 350 eV in the first harmonic. The first three beamlines at FERMI@Elettra are opening unique opportunities for exploring the structure and transient states of condensed, soft and low-density matter using a variety of diffraction, scattering and spectroscopy techniques.
FLASH was the first free-electron laser for VUV and soft X-ray radiation and started user operation in summer 2005. Currently it covers a wavelength range from 4.1 nm to about 47 nm with GW peak power and pulse durations between 10 fs and 100 fs.
The new Free Electron Laser project, known as SwissFEL, will extend PSI’s unique platform of large interdisciplinary research facilities to serve international research teams from universities and from industry. The SwissFEL is an essential part of PSI’s strategic focus and will establish Switzerland’s leading position in scientific research for years to come.
TARLAGölbasi / Ankara, Turkey
TARLA (Turkish Accelerator And Radiation Laboratory at Ankara) is located in Gölbasi town near the Ankara. The construction of laboratory building is finished in May 2011. The site also hosts The Institute of Accelerator Technologies (IAT). TARLA is based on 40 MeV super conducting electron beam (two 20 MeV SRF modules) and the electron source is a 300keV thermionic electron gun. There will be two buncher cavities (260 MHz and 1.3GHz) to establish desired time structure. There will be two undulators 90mm and 25mm period to form two optical resonators.
The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH is a limited liability company under German law that was officially founded in Hamburg, Germany, on 28 September 2009. At present, 12 countries are participating in the European XFEL project: Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.