Defining the trade routes of ancient civilizations is of particular importance when no written sources are available. The fragility, rarity, and preciousness of ancient gold work require the use of nondestructive techniques like X-ray fluorescene at BAMline at BESSY II.
Life Sciences & Biotech
For the first time, researchers have been able to determine the three-dimensional structure of an important membrane protein that regulates the ion balance of cells. The findings open up new possibilities to fight diseases such as malaria and sleeping sickness and have recently been published in the journal Science.
Researchers from KTH Royal Institute of Technology, the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw and the MAX IV Laboratory have discovered a new type of material which has been named topological crystalline insulators. So far it's a little early to comment on the future for the material, but due to its special characteristics the material could be useful for the computer industry says one of the researchers behind the discovery.
In 2010, researchers from European XFEL and Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron predicted a dramatic improvement in the already remarkable features of X-ray free-electron lasers by placing a special crystal into the path of the radiation while rerouting the electron beam around the crystal. In 2012, their colleagues from the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) in the US and the Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials in Russia implemented the proposed setting and confirmed superior beam quality.