ALBACerdanyola del Vallès (Barcelona), Spain
ALBA is a third generation synchrotron light source facility, designed to provide a high brilliance photon beam. It is co-financed by the Spanish Government and the regional Government of Catalonia, and managed by the Consortium for the Construction, Equipment and Exploitation of the Synchrotron Light Laboratory (CELLS). The accelerator complex consists of a 100 MeV Linear Accelerator (LINAC), a Booster that ramps the electron beam energy up to 3 GeV and a Storage Ring. The maximum operational current is 250 mA and it will be operated soon in top up mode. Currently, ALBA has 8 beamlines in operation.
ANKA is operated by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) within the Helmholtz Association. ANKA offered beamtime to users on a peer-review basis from 2002 to 2014. From 2015 onwards, ANKA is operated as a test facility and synchrotron radiation source for in-house research.
ASTRID2Aarhus , Denmark
ASTRID2 is the new third-generation low-emittance light source at Aarhus University, Denmark. Commissioned in 2013, the new facility provides state-of-the-art high-brilliance light from the low-emittance electron beam, operating in top-up mode to give an infinite beam lifetime.
The third generation storage ring BESSY II is in operation since 1999 and provides ultrabright photon beams from the long wavelength Terahertz region to hard X-rays with complete control of the energy range and the polarization of the radiation. The facility is operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin.
DAΦNEFrascati (RM), Italy
DAΦNE-Light is the Synchrotron Radiation Facility at the INFN Frascati National Laboratory. The radiation source DAΦNE is an electron-positron collider that works at 0.51 GeV with beam currents higher than 1 A in operation since 1998.
DiamondDidcot, Oxfordshire, England
Diamond is a 3rd Generation 3GeV synchrotron light source which has a 1MeV linear accelerator (Linac), and full energy (1MeV-3 GeV) Booster. Top-Up mode became available in 2008. Diamond has been operating since January 2007, when the first 7 beamlines became operatonal. By the end of 2012 the number of operational beamlines increased to 22, with 32 operational by 2018.
The third-generation electron storage ring Elettra, operated by the Elettra Laboratory of Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. since 1993, feeds 26 beamlines. Researchers from more than 50 different countries, selected by an international committee on the basis of the quality of their scientific proposals, access the facility each year.
The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), located in Grenoble - France, is a joint facility supported and shared by 21 European countries. The ESRF operates the most powerful synchrotron radiation source in Europe. Each year several thousand researchers travel to Grenoble where they work in a first-class scientific environment to conduct exciting experiments at the cutting edge of modern science.
The MAX IV Laboratory, through its MAX-lab facility, has been offering synchrotron light to a broad international research community for more than 30 years. In December 2015 the MAX-lab facility was closed and the laboratory has moved to a new site where the MAX IV project is under completion. The MAX IV facility will comprise two low emittance storage rings (1.5 GeV and 3 GeV) and a 3 GeV linac injector which will also serve as a source for femto-second X-ray pulses.
The novel multi-bend achromat design of the 3 GeV storage ring leads to an emittance below 0.3 nm rad which means that it will become the world's brightest storage ring-based light source.
The construction and commissioning of these new experimental facilities are well under way and it is foreseen that the first beamlines will become operational during the second half of 2016 with user operation starting in the beginning of 2017. At present, 14 beamlines are funded for the MAX IV facility: Eight at the 3 GeV ring, five at the 1.5 GeV ring and one at the short pulse facility (SPF) at the MAX IV linac.
PETRA III, which took up operation in 2009, is the most brilliant storage-ring-based X-radiation source in the world for high energy photons. It offers outstanding experimental opportunities for scientists who want to investigate very small samples or require tightly collimated and very
short-wavelength X-rays for their experiments.
The Swiss Light Source (SLS) at the Paul Scherrer Institut is a third-generation synchrotron light source. In the design of SLS a high priority was given to the items quality (high brightness), flexibility (wide wavelength spectrum) and stability (very stable temperature conditions) for the primary electron beam and the secondary photon beams.
SOLARIS, the first Polish synchrotron radiation facility, is being built at the Jagiellonian University Third Campus in Kraków.
The Polish synchrotron is going to be the first research infrastructure of such a substantial size and potential constructed in East Central Europe.
SOLEILGif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
SOLEIL is the French national 2,75 GeV third generation synchrotron installation. CNRS and the CEA created the public company SOLEIL Synchrotron, called to lead the construction and then the operation of SOLEIL. Alongside them, the Region Ile de France and the Conseil General de l’Essonne have insured nearly 80% of capital costs. The Region Centre is also a SOLEIL partner.
SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East) is a third-generation synchrotron light source under construction in Allan (Jordan). It will be the Middle East's first major international research centre.