The hard X-Ray nanoprobe of Max IV, NanoMAX,  is designed to take full advantage of MAX IV’s exceptionally low emittance and the resulting coherence properties of the X-ray beam. The use of diffraction-limited optics will allow producing tightly focused coherent beams enabling imaging applications using diffraction, scattering, fluorescence and other methods, at unprecedented resolution. With its two experimental stations designed to offer, the first, the smallest focal spot, and the other, large flexibility at the expense of a larger focal spot for various scattering geometries, NanoMAX will offer exciting applications for a wide variety of research fields, such as materials science, life science, earth science, nanoscience, physics, chemistry and biology.

Endstations or Setup

KB experimental station

Description
KB-mirror experimental station:
The endstation is based on a goniometer setup mounted in stable granite foundation.
A two-circle goniometer holds a coarse sample scanner (20 mm stroke).
The sample is mounted on a fine sample scanner (100 μm stroke in all directions) on the coarse scanner.
Microscopes
On Axis and Top Microscopes
Max res: 5 μm
Max Field of view: 0.3 - 4 mm
Diffractometer
2-circle goniometer (HUBER Diffraktionstechnik GmbH & Co. KG).
Spectrometer
RaySpec single-element SDD
3-element Ge detector
XSPRESS3 digital pulse processor
Endstation Operative
Yes

Sample

Sample Type
Crystal, Amorphous, Fiber, Powder, Gel
Mounting Type
Electron-microscope sample holders.
TEM grid.

Manipulator or Sample stage

Description
2-circle goniometer:
Theta: stroke [-5, 90] deg resolution: 10-4 deg
Phi: stroke [-180, 180] deg resolution: 10-4 deg
Theta is horizontal and perpendicular to the X-ray beam. Phi is perpendicular to Theta and vertical for Theta=0.
Degrees Of Freedom
2
Cradles
2
Description
Coarse sample scanner:
In-house development.
Degrees Of Freedom
3
Translator Stages
3
Positioning Precision
X = 100 [nm], Y = 100 [nm], Z = 100 [nm]
Range Of Movement
X = 20 [mm], Y = 20 [mm], Z = 20 [mm]
Description
Fine sample scanner:
Option 1 (standard), NPXY100Z100-135 (This option provides the stiffest frame and the highest resolution).
100 μm stroke in all directions.

Option 2, NPXY200Z100-271.
200 μm stroke in each horizontal direction, 100 μm vertical stroke
Degrees Of Freedom
3
Translator Stages
3
Range Of Movement
X = 100 [um], Y = 100 [um], Z = 100 [um]

Sample Environment

Description
Nano-indentation system:
This system was supplied by Alemnis AG, and is used for in-situ nano-XRD.
Maximum load is 0.5 N.
The system is made available in collaboration with the Sample Environment and Detector Support team at MAX IV.

Sample Holders

Type
Standard sample support pin Type A
Description
For measurements in transmission geometry.
3.2 mm diameter mounting pin.
4 x 4 mm2 overall plate size.
2.7 mm diameter sample hole in plate.
Type
Standard sample support pin Type B
Description
For measurements in transmission geometry.
Multi-sample holder plate.
3 slots, 3 x 5 mm2.
2 holes, 3.2 mm diameter.
Type
Standard SEM pin stub specimen holder
Description
For measurements in reflection geometry.
12.7 mm diameter with 3.2 mm pins.
Detectors

Crytur in-line detector

Type
High-resolution Crytur camera
Pixel Size
X = 0.6 [um], Y = 0.6 [um]
Array Size
X = 2048 [pixel], Y = 2048 [pixel]

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Diffraction detector

Type
Quantum Detectors Merlin Si Quad
Pixel Size
X = 55 [um], Y = 55 [um]
Array Size
X = 512 [pixel], Y = 512 [pixel]

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Eiger 4M in-line detector

Type
Dectris Eiger2 X 4M hybride-pixel detector
Pixel Size
X = 75 [um], Y = 75 [um]
Array Size
X = 2968 [pixel], Y = 2162 [pixel]
Thickness
450 [um]

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Ge X-ray fluorescence detector

Type
Canberra 3-element Ge detector coupled to a Quantum Detectors Xspress3 pulse processor.

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Pilatus 100k in-line detector

Type
Dectris Pilatus 100k
Pixel Size
X = 172 [um], Y = 172 [um]
Array Size
X = 487 [pixel], Y = 195 [pixel]

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Pilatus 1M in-line detector

Type
Dectris Pilatus 1M
Pixel Size
X = 172 [um], Y = 172 [um]
Array Size
X = 981 [pixel], Y = 1043 [pixel]

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

SDD X-ray fluorescence detector

Type
Rayspec SDD
Description
Single-element silicon-drift detector coupled to a Quantum Detectors Xspress3 pulse processor.
Atomic Composition
Silicon

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon
contacts
Ulf Johansson
Techniques
Imaging
  • Fluorescence imaging
Scattering
  • Coherent scattering
  • Elastic scattering
Disciplines
Chemistry
  • Other - Chemistry
Life Sciences & Biotech
  • Other - Life Sciences & Biotech
Material Sciences
  • Other - Material Sciences
Address
MAX IV Laboratory
Fotongatan 2
224 84 Lund
Sweden
control/Data analysis
Control Software Type
  • TBC
Data Output Type
  • TBC
Data Output Format
  • TBC